Förster-type triplet-polaron quenching in disordered organic semiconductors

Authors:  R. Coehoorn, P.A. Bobbert, and H. van Eersel
Phys. Rev. B 96, 184203 (2017)

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Triplet-polaron quenching (TPQ) is a major cause of the efficiency loss at large current densities in phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes. The nature of the interaction process is presently not well understood. In this paper, we study TPQ due to Förster-type triplet-polaron interactions in energetically disordered organic semiconductors with a Gaussian polaron density of states. A continuum theory, which neglects the spatial inhomogeneity and energetic disorder, is from a kinetic Monte Carlo approach shown to correctly predict that the effective steady-state TPQ rate coefficient k_TPQ,eff depends only sensitively on the polaron diffusion in a rather narrow range of diffusion coefficients. However, in this regime, significant discrepancies between the two approaches are found, in particular for realistic values of the TPQ-Förster radius, around 3 nm, and for systems with strong energetic disorder. Both approaches show that k_TPQ,eff is not constant but can depend on the polaron density and the electric field. Various methods for deducing the TPQ mechanism from experiment are discussed, including an approach which utilizes the shape of the time-dependent photoluminescence after pulsed illumination.

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